Having white and clean teeth, and good breath is very important for a person, as it also boosts their confidence level. But did you know many of us suffer from bad breath and it's one of the most common teeth problems? It is also one of the most treatable teeth problems.
Educating yourself about these common teeth problems and their causes can go a long way toward helping you treat them.
Here are some of the most common tooth problems and their causes :
- Tooth Decay
Also known as dental caries or dental cavities, tooth decay is patients' most prevalent dental condition. Almost everyone has had dental decay at some point in their lives.
Tooth decay develops when bacteria create a coating on the surface of the teeth called plaque. Bacteria produce acids from carbohydrates in food. The acids erode and ultimately destroy the tooth's enamel or outer coating. The acids then begin to attack the dentin layer underlying the enamel, which is softer.
This tooth deterioration might result in cavities or gaps in your teeth. It can also induce toothaches, like discomfort while eating or drinking hot, cold, or sweet foods.
- Gum disease
Gum disease is an inflammation of the gums that surround the teeth. It is also a significant cause of adult tooth loss. Some research suggests a relationship between gum disease and heart issues.
Gum disease may affect anyone. However, it is most frequent after the age of 30. Tobacco use is a substantial risk factor.
Diabetes and dry mouth raise your risk as well. Among the symptoms are:
- Stinking Breath
- Red, blistered, sore, or bleeding gums
- Sensitive Teeth
- Chewing discomfort
Gingivitis is the medical term for gum disease. Periodontitis is a severe form of gum disease. They may be avoided with regular dental checkups, brushing, and flossing.
If you see any indications of gum disease, consult your dentist. Treatment can help to avoid complications like tooth loss.
- Bad Breath
One of the most frequent dental disorders is bad breath, often known as halitosis. It's also one of the most upsetting. Bad breath can be caused by a variety of circumstances, including:
- Oral Hygiene Issues
- Dry Mouth
- Acid Reflux
One or more of your meals may potentially be the source of your halitosis. Spices like garlic and onion are typical offenders.
- Teeth Sensitivity
When the enamel wears away and the dentin is exposed, your teeth become sensitive to hot and cold meals and drinks.
The dentin contains tubes that connect to the nerve further into the tooth. Hot or cold substances can flow via the tubes to the nerve, causing excruciating agony.
Tooth decay can cause tooth sensitivity, commonly known as dentin hypersensitivity. Other plausible explanations include:
- Gum disease
- Root infection
- Broken tooth
- Tattered crowns or fillings
- Corroded enamel
- Gum recession
You may also have sensitive teeth because your enamel layer is inherently thin.
There are toothpaste and mouthwashes designed particularly for sensitive teeth. A fluoride treatment, crown, gum graft, or root canal may also be recommended by your dentist. The type of therapy you receive is determined by the severity of your case.
- Cracked or fractured teeth
The following are the most common causes of cracked or fractured teeth:
- Hard to chew food
- Piercings in the mouth
- Teeth grinding while sleeping.
Depending on the amount of damage, a cracked or fractured tooth can cause severe pain. Whatever the severity of the fracture or chip, you should get it inspected and treated by a dentist as soon as possible. A veneer, crown, or tooth-coloured fillings are all options for correcting this dental issue.
- Receding Gums
Receding gum means a common dental condition in which the gum tissue that covers the teeth fades away or pushes back, exposing more of the tooth or the roots. When this happens, "pockets," or gaps, emerge between the teeth and gum line, allowing disease-causing germs to accumulate. A variety of reasons can contribute to receding gums, including:
- Oral hygiene issues
- Aggressively brushing your teeth
- High Blood Pressure
- Women's hormonal fluctuations
Your receding gums might potentially be inherited, which means that the issue runs in your family. A thorough cleaning of your teeth by a dental expert is part of dental treatment for receding gums. Brushing methods may also be demonstrated. Severe instances may necessitate a gum transplant or another sort of surgery.
- Infected Roots
Bacteria can cause the base or root of your tooth to become inflamed and swollen. Cavities, fissures, or fractures in the teeth are the most common causes of this. Infected roots can cause tooth tissue and nerve damage, as well as the formation of abscesses.
A throbbing toothache that is chronic (long-lasting and persistent) is a clear symptom of infected roots. Chewing and biting will be painful, and the area of your mouth affected by the infection will be extremely sensitive to hot and cold foods and beverages. In certain situations, the region of the face around the infection swells.
- Enamel Erosion
Enamel erosion is a slow-developing disorder that causes teeth to become discoloured and rounded. Its major cause is a lengthy period of consumption of sugary and acidic meals such as sodas and sweets. For some reason, people brush their teeth too frequently, too forcefully, and for too long.
Enamel erosion causes teeth to become very sensitive, weak, and prone to fractures, chipping and cupping. On teeth that have had enamel erosion, the missing enamel cannot be replaced. Cutting down on sugary and acidic meals can significantly help you to avoid additional enamel degradation. Using toothbrushes with softer bristles is also beneficial. Dental veneers can also significantly improve the look of your teeth.
- Mouth Sores
Mouth sores of many forms can be aggravating. Unless they continue longer than two weeks, they are normally nothing to be concerned about.
Mouth sores that are common include:
- Aphthous ulcers (canker sores): These happen inside the mouth, not on the lips. They are not communicable and can be caused by a variety of factors.
- Fever blisters/cold sores: These are caused by the Herpes simplex virus and appear on the outside of the lips. They spread like wildfire. They appear and disappear but cannot be treated.
- Rash (oral candidiasis): Yeast infection ulcers in the mouth can develop in newborns, denture users, diabetics, and cancer patients.
- Teeth Grinding
Bruxism is the dentistry word for teeth grinding. Grinding is most common when sleeping, however, it can sometimes occur while awake. It can damage your teeth, induce jaw pain, and even trigger migraines and earaches.
Some teeth problems might cause grinding. Among these are:
- A new filling or crown that is higher than your other teeth
- A strange bite
Some people get bruxism when they have a sleep issue, are stressed, or are anxious. Treating these underlying disorders may help to alleviate or stop your grinding.
Your dentist can provide you with a custom-made mouthguard to wear at night. It will assist to reduce grinding and preserve your teeth. It will also aid in the correction of biting disorders.
Keep your dental hygiene in check and prevent yourself from these common teeth problems with Perfora Care Oral Hygiene Products. Happy teeth mean a happy mind!